Micronutrients are one of the major groups of nutrients your body needs. They include vitamins and minerals.

Vitamins and minerals are food components that help support overall health and play important roles in cell metabolism and neurological functions.

Vitamins are necessary for energy production, immune function, blood clotting and help with energy production, wound healing, immunity and eye and skin health. 

Vitamins are organic compounds made by plants and animals which can be broken down by heat, acid or air.

Minerals play an important role in growth, bone health, fluid balance and help to maintain cardiovascular health and provide structure to the skeleton.

Minerals are inorganic, exist in soil or water and cannot be broken down.

Consuming a balanced diet including fruits, vegetables, dairy, protein foods and whole or enriched grains helps ensure the body has plenty of nutrients to use. Each type of food has a different micronutrient content. 

Here is a short list of just some of the micronutrients found in common foods we eat. There are many others not listed. 

  • Vitamin A helps the eyes to see
  • Calcium and magnesium help muscles and blood vessels relax, preventing cramps and high blood pressure
  • Vitamin C helps wounds heal and the body’s ability to fight off germs
  • Iron helps the blood transport oxygen throughout the body and prevents anemia

Studies suggest that consuming enough of all micronutrients — especially those with antioxidant properties — provides ample health benefits. Micronutrients are used in nearly every process in your body.